Architectural Building and Popular House Types in Turkey

Architectural Building and Popular House Types in Turkey


The architectural style of Turkey, which has hosted various cultures for centuries and has a rich historical heritage, consists of a combination of many civilization styles from Western to Eastern architecture. While the effects of Roman, Greek and many ancient civilizations were clearly visible before the Ottoman Empire period, Seljuk, Arab, Eastern Turkish civilizations and Byzantine cultures were reflected in the architecture with the rise of the Ottoman Empire. In the last centuries, American and German architecture has diversified the cultural mosaic in the architectural field by influencing the modern architecture in Turkey.

In order to understand today's structures, it is necessary to examine the architectural history of Turkey in detail. Today, open public spaces, spacious living spaces and pragmatic designs combined with light colors are more preferred in the real estate sector. The purpose of the existing architecture is to make the homeowners feel connected to nature. The metropolitan life has brought with it the feeling of needing intimate environments in interaction with nature. Contemporary architecture, which includes more spacious and wider spaces in Turkey, continues to develop and transform in order to meet all the needs of those living in a house. 

Houses of Safranbolu

In many cities such as Antalya, Istanbul, most notably Safranbolu, you can come across houses with traditional Ottoman architecture built with quality special stones and wood. Ottoman houses, which preserve the traces of the past and surround their inhabitants with a nostalgic atmosphere, are usually two or three stories high. The exterior views of Ottoman houses have a colorful ambiance with stylishly designed large wooden windows. Many have wrought-iron fence windows decorated with colorful flowers. The interiors of the houses are mostly designed with wooden materials and these houses usually have large and bright rooms for large families. 


One of the most interesting house types in Turkey, dating back to Ottoman history, is undoubtedly the mansions with unique architecture built on the shores of the Bosphorus. It is famous for its elite residents, most of whom were distinguished citizens of the Ottoman era, and has historical value.Mansions, one of the absolute indicators of status and wealth in the society, preserve the atmosphere of our past and present on both sides of the city. They consist of several large rooms where you can hold large-scale wedding celebrations, events and concerts. Many have well-kept, well-maintained and expansive gardens with a magnificent collection of rare flowers and plants. 


In addition to the mansion, mansions or ancient mansions also have magnificent and stylish designs. Although their exterior designs are similar to Safranbolu houses, the difference is that the prominent elite families of cities or regions usually live in the mansions. Unlike mansions, mansions are local, magnificent and mysterious structures located in the inner parts of Anatolia, not by the sea. They have numerous rooms, large columns and also very large courtyards as their most characteristic feature. Large families of several generations generally live in traditional mansions and mansions. 


They are structures that are far from being pretentious like farmhouses, mansions and mansions and have a very convenient design for daily work. They have specific architectural elements, such as patios, suitable for spending time outside. The most distinctive feature of farmhouses is that they are intertwined with nature and can contain elements of nature in design. Farmhouses, which can also contain shelters suitable for livestock production, have large gardens suitable for growing various fruit trees and organic vegetables. There are many options available, from modest and affordable farmhouses to high-priced large farmhouses. Farmhouses in Turkey usually have the advantage of being close to the city center without being away from nature. 

Stone Houses

Although it shows different features according to the regions, the most common feature of stone houses is that they are durable and solidly built. In a stone house built with original and traditional techniques, as little industrial materials as possible are used and in harmony with nature. It would not be wrong to say that a stone house, whose location is chosen correctly and built with durable materials, is resistant to almost all kinds of natural disasters. Stone houses require very little maintenance in the long run and have lower maintenance fees than ordinary reinforced concrete structures, as they do not have features such as plaster, paint, color, pattern. Stone houses built in Anatolia for centuries are a much more elegant and healthy alternative to reinforced concrete structures, both as a local and natural option. 

Modern Villas

Detached and semi-detached villas are the structures of the contemporary world with their features such as architecture, landscaping and interior design. Modern villas in Turkey have all the features that will make their residents feel comfortable and peaceful, and they offer the chance to live in nature in the very center of the city. Most villas in Turkey have private swimming pools, gardens and high-quality equipment. The villas, which contain many rooms suitable for every need, are designed to meet the needs of all individuals. One of the advantages of the villas, especially in a site, is that they have taken the necessary security measures with cameras or high-security doors.